MigratoryDataClient

This class implements all the necessary operations for connecting to a cluster of one or more MigratoryData servers, subscribing to one or more subjects, getting real-time messages for the subscribed subjects, and publishing messages.

#include <client-ios/MigratoryDataClient.h>

Inherits from NSObject

Public Functions

Name
virtual id init()
Create a MigratoryDataClient object.
virtual void connect()
Use this method to connect this client to one of the MigratoryData servers you specified with [MigratoryDataClient.setServers()], and subscribe to the subjects you specified with [MigratoryDataClient.subscribe()], if any.
virtual void setListener:(NSObject< MigratoryDataListener > * listener)
Attach a listener for handling the received real-time messages as well as the status notifications.
virtual void setLogLevel:(MigratoryDataLogLevel logLevel)
Specify the log level used for application logging.
virtual void setServers:(NSArray * servers)
Specify a cluster of one or more MigratoryData servers to which the client will connect to.
virtual void subscribe:(NSArray * subjects)
Subscribe to one or more subjects.
virtual void subscribeWithHistory:history:(NSArray * subjects, int history)
Subscribe to one or more subjects after getting historical messages for those subjects.
virtual void unsubscribe:(NSArray * subjects)
Unsubscribe from one or more subjects.
virtual void setEncryption:(BOOL encryption)
Configure whether to use SSL/TLS encryption when connecting to a MigratoryData server.
virtual void setEntitlementToken:(NSString * token)
Assign an entitlement token to the client.
virtual NSArray * getSubjects()
Return the list of subscribed subjects.
virtual void notifyAfterFailedConnectionAttempts:(int n)
Define the number of failed attempts to connect to one or more MigratoryData servers before triggering a status notification MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_SERVER_DOWN.
virtual void publish:(MigratoryDataMessage * message)
Publish a message.
virtual void pause()
Pause the API operation.
virtual void resume()
Resume the API operation.
virtual void disconnect()
Disconnect from the connected MigratoryData server and dispose the resources used by the connection.
virtual void setQuickReconnectMaxRetries:(int retries)
Define the maximum number of retries for the Quick Reconnect fail-over phase.
virtual void setQuickReconnectInitialDelay:(int seconds)
Define the number of seconds to wait before attempting to reconnect to the cluster after a connection failure is detected.
virtual void setReconnectPolicy:(NSString * policy)
Define the reconnect policy to be used after the Quick Reconnect phase.
virtual void setReconnectTimeInterval:(int seconds)
Define the time interval used for the reconnect schedule after the Quick Reconnect phase.
virtual void setReconnectMaxDelay:(int seconds)
Define the maximum reconnect delay for the TRUNCATED_EXPONENTIAL_BACKOFF policy.
virtual void setExternalToken:monotonicId:(NSString * externalToken, NSObject< MigratoryDataMonotonicId > * monotonicId)
Assign an external token to a client.
virtual void setTransport:(NSString * transport)
Define the transport type used by the client to communicate with the MigratoryData cluster.

Public Functions Documentation

function init

virtual id init()

Create a MigratoryDataClient object.

function connect

virtual void connect()

Use this method to connect this client to one of the MigratoryData servers you specified with [MigratoryDataClient.setServers()], and subscribe to the subjects you specified with [MigratoryDataClient.subscribe()], if any.

function setListener:

virtual void setListener:(
    NSObject< MigratoryDataListener > * listener
)

Attach a listener for handling the received real-time messages as well as the status notifications.

Parameters:

function setLogLevel:

virtual void setLogLevel:(
    MigratoryDataLogLevel logLevel
)

Specify the log level used for application logging.

Parameters:

  • logLevel a log level from enum [MigratoryDataLogLevel]

function setServers:

virtual void setServers:(
    NSArray * servers
)

Specify a cluster of one or more MigratoryData servers to which the client will connect to.

Parameters:

  • servers an array of strings where each string represents the network address (IP address or DNS domain name and its corresponding port) of a MigratoryData server, optionally prefixed by a weight ranging from 0 to 100; if the weight prefix is not provided to an address, then the API will automatically assign to that address a default weight 100

For example, to connect to a cluster formed of two MigratoryData servers installed at the addresses p1.example.com and p2.example.com, and configured to accept clients on the standard HTTP port 80, the following code can be used:

NSArray *servers = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"p1.example.com:80", @"p2.example.com:80"];
[client setServers:servers];

Filename: .js

To achieve load-balancing, the API connects the client to a MigratoryData server chosen randomly from the servers list. In this way, the load is balanced among all the members of the cluster.

Moreover, the API supports weighted load-balancing. This feature is especially useful if the MigratoryData servers of the cluster are installed on machines with different capacities. You can assign to each member of the cluster a weight ranging from 0 to 100. This weight assignment is a hint provided to the API to select with a higher probability a MigratoryData server with a higher weight either initially when the client connects to the cluster or later during a failover reconnection.

Supposing the address p1.example.com corresponds to a machine that is twice more powerful than the machine having the address p2.example.com, then you can assign to p1.example.com a weight 100 and to p2.example.com a weight 50 by prefixing each address with the assigned weight as follows:

NSArray *servers = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"100 p1.example.com", @"50 p2.example.com"];
[client setServers:servers];

Filename: .js

The API assigns a default weight 100 to the addresses not prefixed with a specific weight.

To achieve failover, if the connection between the client and a MigratoryData server is broken, then the API will automatically detect the failure and will select another MigratoryData server from the servers list. If the client fails to connect to the newly selected server, a status notification MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_SERVER_DOWN will be triggered, unless this is modified using [MigratoryDataClient.notifyAfterFailedConnectionAttempts()]), and a new MigratoryData server of the cluster will be selected again and again until the client will be able to connect to one of the MigratoryData servers of the cluster. When successfully connected, the API will trigger MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_SERVER_UP.

Furthermore, if the Guaranteed Message Delivery feature is enabled for the MigratoryData cluster, then the messages potentialy published for a subscribed subject during the failover period will be automatically recovered from the cache of the MigratoryData server to which the client reconnects to and a status notification MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_DATA_SYNC will be triggered for that subject.

If, for example, the failover period is abnormally long, and the client is not able to recover all the messages made available during the failover period for one of its subscribed subjects, then the API will retrieve only the most recent retained message available for that subject and will trigger a MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_DATA_RESYNC status notification for that subject, the client behaving as a new client.

For a complete discussion about load balancing, failover, and guaranteed message delivery features see the Architecture Guide.

function subscribe:

virtual void subscribe:(
    NSArray * subjects
)

Subscribe to one or more subjects.

Parameters:

  • subjects An array of strings representing subjects.

The MigratoryData subjects are strings having a particular syntax. See the Chapter “Concepts” of the Architecture Guide to learn about the syntax of the subjects.

As an example, supposing messages are market data updates having as subjects stock names. Then, to subscribe for the messages having as subjects /stocks/NYSE/IBM and /stocks/Nasdaq/MSFT use:

NSMutableArray *subjects = [NSMutableArray new];
[subjects addObject:@"/stocks/NYSE/IBM"];
[subjects addObject:@"/stocks/Nasdaq/MSFT"];
[client subscribe:subjects];

Filename: .js

function subscribeWithHistory:history:

virtual void subscribeWithHistory:history:(
    NSArray * subjects,
    int history
)

Subscribe to one or more subjects after getting historical messages for those subjects.

Parameters:

  • subjects An array of strings representing subjects.
  • numberOfHistoricalMessages the number of historical messages to be retrieved from the cache of the server

The MigratoryData subjects are strings having a particular syntax. See the Chapter “Concepts” of the Architecture Guide to learn about the syntax of the subjects.

Attempt to get the number of historical messages as defined by the argument numberOfHistoricalMessages, for each subject in the argument subjects, then subscribe for real-time messages having as subjects the strings provided in the subjects parameter.

When Guaranteed Message Delivery is enabled, each MigratoryData server in the cluster maintains an in-memory cache with historical messages for each subject. The cache of each subject is available in all servers of the cluster. The maximum number of messages held in cache is defined by the parameter MaxCachedMessagesPerSubject of the MigratoryData server which defaults to 1,000 messages. The historical messages are continuously removed from the cache, but it is guaranteed that they are available in the cache at least the number of seconds defined by the parameter CacheExpireTime which defaults to 180 seconds.

If the value of numberOfHistoricalMessages is higher than the number of historical messages available in the cache, then the client will receive only the messages available in the cache. As a consequence, if you use a value higher than the value of the parameter MaxCachedMessagesPerSubject of the MigratoryData server (which defaults to 1000), then you will get the entire cache before subscribing for real-time messages for the subjects specified with the API call.

If the value of numberOfHistoricalMessages is 0, then no historical messages have to be retrieved from the cache and, in this case, this API method is equivalent to the API method [MigratoryDataClient.subscribe()].

function unsubscribe:

virtual void unsubscribe:(
    NSArray * subjects
)

Unsubscribe from one or more subjects.

Parameters:

  • subjects subjects to unsubscribe

function setEncryption:

virtual void setEncryption:(
    BOOL encryption
)

Configure whether to use SSL/TLS encryption when connecting to a MigratoryData server.

Parameters:

  • encrypted indicate whether or not to use an encrypted SSL/TLS connection to communicate with the server

When using encryption you should connect to the ports of the MigratoryData server that are configured with the parameter ListenEncrypted to listen for encrypted connections.

function setEntitlementToken:

virtual void setEntitlementToken:(
    NSString * token
)

Assign an entitlement token to the client.

Parameters:

  • token a string representing an entitlement token

To define which users of your application have access to which subjects, you will first have to configure the parameter Entitlement, see the Configuration Guide. If you set this parameter on Custom, then you can use the MigratoryData Extension SDK for Entitlement to build an extension plugin for the MigratoryData server to allow or deny certain users to subscribe to or publish on certain subjects.

function getSubjects

virtual NSArray * getSubjects()

Return the list of subscribed subjects.

Return: The list of strings representing the subscribed subjects.

function notifyAfterFailedConnectionAttempts:

virtual void notifyAfterFailedConnectionAttempts:(
    int n
)

Define the number of failed attempts to connect to one or more MigratoryData servers before triggering a status notification MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_SERVER_DOWN.

Parameters:

  • retries the number of the failed attempts to connect to one or more MigratoryData servers before triggering a status notification MigratoryDataClient.NOTIFY_SERVER_DOWN; the default is 1

function publish:

virtual void publish:(
    MigratoryDataMessage * message
)

Publish a message.

Parameters:

If the message includes a closure data, then a status notification will be provided via [MigratoryDataListener.onStatus()] to inform whether the message publication has been successful or failed.

function pause

virtual void pause()

Pause the API operation.

If the application built with this API library enters into background, then it is recommended to use this API call. It will disconnect the user from the MigratoryData sever but will preserve the user’s context (including the cluster definition and subscribed subjects) in order to reconnect to the cluster later when the API method MigratoryDataClient.resume is called.

Moreover, if the cluster is configured with guaranteed message delivery, then when the user will reconnect to the cluster using MigratoryDataClient.resume, it will get all messages published since the MigratoryDataClient.pause method was called, provided however that the duration between the time when MigratoryDataClient.pause method was called and the MigratoryDataClient.resume method was called is less than the value defined by the parameter CacheExpireTime of the MigratoryData server (see details about this parameter in MigratoryData Configuration Guide.

function resume

virtual void resume()

Resume the API operation.

If the application was paused with the MigratoryDataClient.pause method, then this API call will attempt to reconnect the user to the cluster. Also, if guaranteed message delivery is enabled, this method also retrieves all messages published since the MigratoryDataClient.pause has been called provided that the duration between the time when MigratoryDataClient.pause method was called and the MigratoryDataClient.resume method was called is smaller than the value defined by the parameter CacheExpireTime.

This method will be typically used when the application switches to foreground.

function disconnect

virtual void disconnect()

Disconnect from the connected MigratoryData server and dispose the resources used by the connection.

This method should be called when the connection is no longer necessary.

function setQuickReconnectMaxRetries:

virtual void setQuickReconnectMaxRetries:(
    int retries
)

Define the maximum number of retries for the Quick Reconnect fail-over phase.

Parameters:

  • retries the maximum number of quick reconnect retries; the default is 3

See [MigratoryDataClient.setQuickReconnectInitialDelay()] to learn about the Quick Reconnect phase.

function setQuickReconnectInitialDelay:

virtual void setQuickReconnectInitialDelay:(
    int seconds
)

Define the number of seconds to wait before attempting to reconnect to the cluster after a connection failure is detected.

Parameters:

  • seconds The number of seconds to wait before attempting to reconnect to the cluster; default value is 5 seconds.
Connection Failure Detection

Connection failure is detected immediately for almost all users. For a few users which are subject to temporary, atypical network conditions, connection failure is detected after 30-40 seconds.

Reconnection Phases and Policies

When a connection failure is detected, the API will attempt to reconnect to the servers of the MigratoryData cluster as follows: First, it will attempt to reconnect up to a number of times as defined by [MigratoryDataClient.setQuickReconnectMaxRetries()] using small delays between retries (Quick Reconnection Phase). If the connection cannot be established after the Quick Reconnection Phase, then the API will attempt to reconnect less frequently according to the policy defined by [MigratoryDataClient.setReconnectPolicy()].

The delays between retries are computed according to the following algorithm where the values of the variables involved are defined by the API methods having substantially the same names:

Quick Reconnect Phase (retries <= quickReconnectMaxRetries)
-----------------------------------------------------------

   (retries starts with 1 and increment by 1 at each quick reconnect)

   reconnectDelay = quickReconnectInitialDelay * retries - random(0, quickReconnectInitialDelay)

After Quick Reconnect Phase (retries > quickReconnectMaxRetries)
----------------------------------------------------------------

   (reset retries to start with 1 and increment by 1 at each reconnect)

   If reconnectPolicy is CONSTANT_WINDOW_BACKOFF, then

      reconnectDelay = reconnectTimeInterval

   else if reconnectPolicy is TRUNCATED_EXPONENTIAL_BACKOFF, then

      reconnectDelay = min(reconnectTimeInterval * (2 ^ retries) - random(0, reconnectTimeInterval * retries), reconnectMaxDelay)

For a few users which are subject to temporary, atypical network conditions, if reconnectDelay computed with the algorithm above is less than 10 seconds, then it is rounded to 10 seconds.

function setReconnectPolicy:

virtual void setReconnectPolicy:(
    NSString * policy
)

Define the reconnect policy to be used after the Quick Reconnect phase.

Parameters:

See [MigratoryDataClient.setQuickReconnectInitialDelay()] to learn about the Quick Reconnect phase and the reconnect schedule for the policy defined by this method.

function setReconnectTimeInterval:

virtual void setReconnectTimeInterval:(
    int seconds
)

Define the time interval used for the reconnect schedule after the Quick Reconnect phase.

Parameters:

  • seconds A time interval expressed in seconds used for reconnect schedule; default is 20 seconds.

See [MigratoryDataClient.setQuickReconnectInitialDelay()] to learn about the Quick Reconnect phase and the reconnect schedule for the policy defined by this method.

function setReconnectMaxDelay:

virtual void setReconnectMaxDelay:(
    int seconds
)

Define the maximum reconnect delay for the TRUNCATED_EXPONENTIAL_BACKOFF policy.

Parameters:

See [MigratoryDataClient.setQuickReconnectInitialDelay()] to learn how the value defined by this method is used.

function setExternalToken:monotonicId:

virtual void setExternalToken:monotonicId:(
    NSString * externalToken,
    NSObject< MigratoryDataMonotonicId > * monotonicId
)

Assign an external token to a client.

Parameters:

  • externalToken a token
  • monotonicId an implementation of the MigratoryDataMonotonicId interface

An external token assigned to a client can be typically used by a plugin of the MigratoryData server implemented with the Presence API to enable the communication of that client with an external service.

For example, the MigratoryData plugin for Firebase needs an FCM token in order to be able to push notifications via the Firebase service to a mobile client. The mobile client can provide the FCM token to the plugin using this method.

To be able to order the online and offline events in the presence plugin, each connection of a client having an external token should be accompanied by a monotonic id. A monotonic id is simply a unique id having at each connection a value higher than the value of the previous connection.

For iOS applications you can use MigratoryDataUserDefaultsMonotonicId which is a class which provides a monotonic id implementation. The monotonic id is stored in the UserDefaults such that it can tolerate application failures or iOS device restarts.

function setTransport:

virtual void setTransport:(
    NSString * transport
)

Define the transport type used by the client to communicate with the MigratoryData cluster.

Parameters:

  • type the possible values are: TRANSPORT_HTTP and TRANSPORT_WEBSOCKET; the default transport used by the API is TRANSPORT_WEBSOCKET

Updated on 6 November 2020 at 13:20:01 EET